Klaus V.H.1, Newell Price J.P.2, Bufe C.3, Caraes C.4, Chodkiewicz A.5, Feigenwinter I.1, Hejduk S.6, Klopčič M.7, Báldi A.8, Lellei-Kovács E.8, Lively F.9, Lombardi G.10, Markovic M.11, Milazzo F.12, Oenema J.3, Rankin J.13, Ravetto Enri S.10, Rhymer C.M.14, Schils R.L.M.3, Stypiński P.5, Tonn B.15, Vanwalleghem T.12, Whittingham M.J.14 and Buchmann N.1
1Institute of Agricultural Sciences, ETH Zürich, Switzerland; 2ADAS, UK; 3Agrosystems Research, Wageningen Plant Research, Wageningen, The Netherlands; 4Chambre Régionale d’Agriculture de Normandie, France; 5Warsaw University of Life Science, Faculty of Agriculture and Ecology, Poland; 6Faculty of AgriSciences, Mendel University in Brno, Czech Republic; 7Department of Animal Science, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia; 8Institute of Ecology and Botany, Centre for Ecological Research, Hungary; 9Agri-Food and Biosciences Institute (AFBI), Northern Ireland, UK; 10Department of Agricultural, Forest and Food Sciences, University of Torino, Italy; 11University of Montenegro, Department of Livestock Science, Montenegro; 12Department of Agronomy, ETSIAM, University of Córdoba, Spain; 13Agrisearch, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom; 14School of Natural and Environmental Sciences, Newcastle University, United Kingdom; 15University of Göttingen, Department of Crop Sciences, Germany
Grassland research stations and experimental farms are essential for applied grassland science and related outreach activities. A large proportion of the experiments conducted at these stations aims to test methods to optimize the ecosystem services (ES) delivered by permanent grasslands. We used the framework of the multi-actor research project SUPER-G to assess a selection of experiments recently conducted, completed (since 2011), and planned at 31 European experimental research stations, farms, or networks. We further provide an overview of the ES measured at these experiments. Results show that on average two ES were assessed per experiment. The most frequent ES measured were production (87% of all experiments), followed by the supporting ES biodiversity (59%) and climate regulation (33%). Our overview on ES research at European research stations highlights that permanent grassland is a multifunctional ecosystem that provides many benefits to society. Yet, research considering more than two ES is still relatively rare and should thus be strengthened in the future.
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